This video describes the differences between Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar Disorder. Both disorders sometimes manifest symptoms of impulsiveness, low self-esteem, unstable mood, recklessness, irritability, potential suicidal ideation or behavior, and paranoia. Borderline Personality Disorder has a symptom of fear of abandonment that usually does not occur with Bipolar Disorder. Stressors in the context of relationships tend to exacerbate symptoms in Borderline Personality Disorder, but this is not as common with Bipolar Disorder.
Borderline Personality Disorder is a Cluster B personality disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Borderline Personality Disorder is characterized by a number of potential symptoms including a fear of abandonment, a series of unstable relationships, self-identity changes, stress-related paranoia, risky and impulsive behavior, suicidal behavior or threats, mood swings, empty feelings, and anger. One of key features of Borderline Personality Disorder is the idealization/devaluation cycle, sometimes called the love/hate cycle. This two-stage cycle can sometimes lead to the abandonment that an individual with Borderline Personality Disorder fears. The name of Borderline Personality Disorder was given during a time when the diagnosis was thought to be on the border between neurosis and psychosis, so the name is no longer consistent with our current understanding of the disorder. Borderline Personality Disorder responds to treatment to some degree in many individuals. Borderline Personality Disorder is thought of as occurring more in women than in men, but evidence suggests it affects men and women in equal numbers.
Bipolar I Disorder is characterized by at least one depressive episode and one manic episode. Both Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder require the depressive episode, however, instead of the manic episode, Bipolar II Disorder requires a hypomanic episode. Hypomania is a less severe form of mania. Both disorders are serious and require mental health treatment. The counseling treatments for both disorders are usually similar.